Archive for the ‘Stroke’ category

First Aid Course (Includes CPR) Northern Beaches, Sydney.

October 23rd, 2016

Saving a life with CPR is ‘really, really easy’ and more of us should try.

If someone’s collapsed, is not responsive and not breathing, would you know what to do?

If a person’s like that, it means their heart’s stopped (which doctors call a cardiac arrest).

It’s not good news.

But if someone around knows what to do, they can save a life. That person can be you.

You can save a life really, really easily.

All you need to do is learn CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation). Basically, it’s pressing on the person’s chest with your hands.

Once you’ve recognised someone’s heart has stopped, the number one thing to know is that you can’t do any harm.

It’s impossible to hurt someone in cardiac arrest because they’re already dead.

What if you break their ribs? Who cares! Would you rather be alive with a broken rib or dead? It’s that simple.

Can you be sued? Absolutely not. The law is very robust and you won’t be sued for having a go.

Worried about how many breaths to do? Don’t be. Hands only is fine.

All you have to do is press hard and fast in the centre of the chest with the heel of your hand.

If you’re still not sure how fast, Stayin’ Alive from the Bee Gees is about the right beat.

You need to act fast because every minute that goes by without anyone doing anything reduces the odds of survival by 10 per cent.

At 10 minutes, if no-one’s done anything, the person is dead. At about four minutes, irreversible brain damage starts setting in.

So even if an ambulance is called straight away, there’s a good chance help will arrive too late.

But doing CPR means that person may be able to hang on until help arrives. That’s because CPR pushes blood up from the person’s heart into their brain.

Restarting a heart

CPR will help keep someone alive, but restarting a heart needs a defibrillator. Many buildings have portable defibrillators (also known as AEDs) that anyone can use. They give voice instructions to tell you what to do. A helper should always look for one while CPR is done. It’s in your hands.

Some 30,000 people have a cardiac arrest in Australia each year and 90 per cent of them will die.

Cardiac arrest kills more people than lung and breast cancer, trauma and stroke all combined.

It’s not just common and lethal. It’s a problem everyone can do something about right now.

It needs all Australians to learn how to press on someone’s chest.

It needs the two hands at the end of your arms. And that’s it.

Learn Provide First Aid HLTAID003 and Provide CPR HLTAID001 with Simple Instruction at the DYRSL (Dee Why RSL) on the beautiful Northern Beaches. We cater for Northern Beaches locals so they don’t have to travel in to the City of Sydney. Locals from all over the Northern Beaches (Belrose, Avalon, Manly, Dee Why, Brookvale, Balgowlah, Cromer) and the North Shore ( Mosman, Cammeray, Chatswood, North Sydney, Crows Nest) have been raving about Simple Instruction’s First Aid and CPR course since 2009. We are the leading First Aid and CPR provider in Sydney. Book a first aid or CPR course today.

Simple Instruction also partners with

Allen’s Training

HLTAID004 Northern Beaches

June 29th, 2015

(HLTAID004) What skills and knowledge will I get from this course?

Performance Evidence

The candidate must show evidence of the ability to complete tasks outlined in elements and performance criteria of this unit, manage tasks and manage contingencies in the context of the job role.

There must be demonstrated evidence that the candidate has completed the following tasks at least once in line with state/territory regulations, first aid codes of practice, ARC guidelines and workplace procedures:

  • located and interpreted workplace policies and procedures
  • conducted a hazard assessment and identified strategies to minimise risk
  • demonstrated safe manual handling techniques
  • assessed airway, breathing and responsiveness of casualty

Performed at least two minutes of uninterrupted CPR on an infant, a child and an adult resuscitation manikin placed on the floor, demonstrating the following techniques on each:

  • checking for response and normal breathing
  • recognising abnormal breathing
  • opening and clearing the airway
  • using correct hand location, compression depth rate in line with the ARC recommended ratio of compressions and ventilations
  • acting in the event of regurgitation or vomiting
  • following single rescuer procedure, including the demonstration of a rotation of operators with minimal interruptions to compressions
  • followed prompts of an Automated External Defibrillator (AED)

Conducted a verbal secondary survey

Applied first aid procedures for the following:

  • allergic reactions
  • anaphylaxis
  • asthma
  • basic wound care
  • severe bleeding
  • burns
  • cardiac arrest
  • choking and airway obstruction
  • convulsions, including febrile convulsions
  • envenomation (using pressure immobilisation)
  • epilepsy and seizures
  • fractures, sprains and strains (using arm slings, roller bandages or other appropriate immobilisation techniques)
  • head injuries
  • poisoning
  • respiratory distress
  • shock

Followed workplace procedures for reporting details of the incident, including:

  • providing an accurate verbal report of the incident
  • completing an incident, injury, trauma and illness record
  • responded to at least three simulated first aid scenarios contextualised to the candidate’s workplace/community setting, and involving infants and children of varying ages.

Knowledge Evidence

The candidate must be able to demonstrate essential knowledge required to effectively complete tasks outlined in elements and performance criteria of this unit, manage tasks and manage contingencies in the context of the work role. This includes knowledge of:

  • state/territory regulations, first aid codes of practice and workplace procedures including:
  • ARC Guidelines for provision of CPR and first aid to infants, children and adults
  • guidelines from Australian national peak clinical bodies
  • safe work practices to minimise risks and potential hazards
  • first aid requirements for services under the Education and Care Services National Law

Infection control principles and procedures

Requirements for currency of skill and knowledge

Legal, workplace and community considerations, including:

  • need for stress-management techniques and available support following an emergency situation, including the psychological impact on children
  • duty of care requirements
  • respectful behaviour towards a casualty
  • own skills and limitations
  • consent, including situations in which parental/caregiver consent is required
  • privacy and confidentiality requirements
  • importance of debriefing

Considerations when providing first aid including:

  • airway obstruction due to body position
  • appropriate duration and cessation of CPR
  • appropriate use of an AED, including placement of pads for adults and children aged older than 8 years
  • specific considerations when using an AED on children aged between 1 and 8 years, including identification of AED with paediatric capability, paediatric voltage and use of paediatric pads
  • chain of survival
  • standard precautions and infection control

Principles and procedures for application of first aid in the following scenarios:

  • abdominal injuries
  • allergic reactions, including severe reactions
  • anaphylaxis
  • bleeding control
  • burns
  • cardiac conditions
  • choking and airway obstruction
  • cold and crush injuries
  • diabetes
  • dislocations
  • drowning
  • envenomation
  • environmental impact (including hypothermia, hyperthermia, dehydration and heat stroke)
  • epilepsy
  • eye and ear injuries
  • fractures
  • head, neck and spinal injuries
  • minor skin injuries
  • needle stick injuries
  • poisoning and toxic substances
  • respiratory distress, including asthma and other respiratory conditions
  • seizures
  • shock
  • soft tissue injuries
  • unconsciousness, abnormal breathing or not breathing

Basic anatomy and physiology relating to:

  • absence of normal breathing
  • anatomy of the external chest
  • specific anatomy of infant respiratory systems, including trachea, and implications for provision of CPR
  • basic anatomical differences between adults and children, and the implications for provision of first aid
  • normal clinical values for children
  • physiology relating to response/consciousness
  • symptoms and triggers of anaphylaxis
  • symptoms and triggers of asthma
  • upper airway anatomy and effect of positional change.

Calling an Ambulance

October 18th, 2010

What is a medical emergency?
Always call triple zero (000) for an ambulance in the following circumstances. If you are unsure the operators will talk you through any situation.

  • Unconscious person – who doesn’t wake or respond when shaken.
  • Heart attack (suspected) – pain in the chest, especially if it is crushing or like indigestion and lasts more than five minutes. The pain may spread to arms and jaw.
  • Breathing difficulty – especially if the person is unable to speak more than a few words or has blue lips or mouth.
  • Abdominal pain – that is severe and undiagnosed.
  • Haemorrhages – major uncontrolled bleeding.
  • Bleeding – that does not stop after at least 10 minutes of continuous pressure.
  • Back pain (severe) – after a fall or after sudden onset of back pain if over 50 years of age.
  • Burns – which are bigger than the size of a hand and/or cause severe pain that is not relieved with simple painkillers, or if the person has difficulty breathing.
  • Choking – especially if the person is unable to talk, cry or breathe.
  • Convulsions or fitting – if the person is still fitting as you phone triple zero (000) or if they have no history of convulsions (for example epilepsy or brain injury).
  • Drowning, near drowning, diving or scuba accident.
  • Stroke (possible) – especially if the person experiences numbness, loss of function of hand, arm or leg, slurred speech, facial droop or severe abrupt headache.
  • Headache (severe) – not the usual kind, with or without loss of function of arm or leg.
  • Motor vehicle accidents – if you think someone has been injured.
  • Industrial accidents – where a person is injured or trapped.
  • Vaginal bleeding (severe) – with possible or confirmed pregnancy.
  • Suicide attempt.
  • Pain (severe) after a fall or injury – when the person is unable to sit up, stand or walk.
  • Drug overdose or poisoning – whether you know for sure or just suspect an overdose.
  • Diabetes – if the person is not fully awake or not behaving normally.
  • Allergic reaction – especially with difficulty breathing or loss of consciousness.
  • Electrical shock – of any kind.
  • Trauma (injury) – which is severe, especially to the head, neck, chest or abdomen – for example if the person was stabbed, shot or impaled, or hit by or ran into an object.
  • Meningococcal disease – if symptoms indicate possible infection.
  • Hypothermia or heat stress – which is severe.

First aid courses
It is strongly recommended that you take a first aid course, so you can recognise a medical emergency and administer first aid until the ambulance paramedics arrive to take over. Your quick and effective action could mean the difference between life and death for the injured person. For more information on first aid or CPR courses please contact Ian at Simple Instruction by using the contact us section to the right of the page. Or alternatively email or call ; [email protected] or 0411 557 405.

Simple Instruction’s next course will be conducted at the Brookvale Hotel / Pub on Saturday the 20th of November 2010. All are welcome and I look forward to seeing you on the day.

Stroke – F.A.S.T. – Be able to apply First Aid.

October 7th, 2010
This year, the National Stroke Foundation utilised technology to help Australians understand what a stroke is and remember the warning signs using the FAST test.A new interactive website was launched with digital imagery to help people understand what happens in the brain when a stroke occurs.You can:

  • Listen to a call to an ambulance
  • Listen and view stroke survivor stories
  • Find out which parts of the body the brain stroke affects
  • Watch the FAST television commercial
  • Take a FAST quiz to see how quickly you can recognise the signs and then forward the FAST test to family and friends.


In addition to the new website, an iPhone application is available with information about stroke. The application helps you with the FAST test and to recognise the signs of stroke. There is also a FAST quiz to time how quickly you can respond and locations of public hospitals with stroke units. 
The FAST campaign maintains the recognisable black and yellow wording and images which continue to highlight the importance of acting FAST at the first signs of stroke.

  • View the TV advertisement

This information and advertising is from the National Stroke Foundation. If you would like more information regarding strokes please visit the webpage Please help the Stroke Foundation help people become aware or risks, treatments and prevention of strokes. Simple Instruction has ordered 500 cards and a number of posters that we will distribute throughout the year at our Apply First Aid and Perform CPR training courses on the Northern Beaches.

Our next course  on the Northern Beaches: Saturday the 16/10/10 at the Brookvale Hotel. Please book yourself into an Apply First Aid or Perform CPR training course by following the links on the website. .

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